Hair transplant is an operation of extracting graft (3-4 hairs in one extracting) from the donor area ( hairs between two ears) where hair loss does not occur genetically, and placing them to the recipient area (Where baldness has on the head) . Grafts which were placed to recipinent area protect their genes as in the Donor area. By using the same methods, hair transplantations can be made on eyebrow, eyelash, beard, and mustache and scar. The operation can take 6 -7 hours depending on the area where hair transplantation will be carried out. All the operations are performed under local anesthesia, and you can go home soon after the operation such made. This is not any method or operation causing any pain. Any cutting or suturing is not applied in the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) there will be not any scar or stitch on your head.
HAIR TRANSPLANTATION WITHOUT PAIN
Local anesthesia “narcotizing the donor’s area “TO APPLY LOCAL ANESTHESIA IN HAIR CLASS 0 AND PAIN 2 DURING HAIR TRANSPLANTATION; 1- CLASS Local Anesthesia, to feel any pain in the skin injected, 2- SPINAL FRANCE); to use a French spinal syringe 0.5 ml in the second stage.
HAIR TRANSPLANTATION TECHNIQUES
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction)
Through the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) method, the hair roots are harvesting one by one under local anesthesia with special end micromotors and replaced to the areas without hair by taking natural hair growing angle and direction into consideration. Today, hair transplantation operations are performed by using the FUE method. Since this is not a surgical intervention, the patients make their decision easilier and prefer this technique to be applied.
Firstly, to shave hairs on the head, and clean the head thoroughly, and to make necessary preparation for operation: The extracting of the grafts (namely, follcullas harvesting) means to prepare and remove the hair ends in millimetric diameters one by one with the bits in the form of tube called “Micromotor”.
Taking the grafts of the FUE method
The FUE method is based on preparing and removing the grafts one by one the bits being in millimetric diameters and in the form of tubes of which ends are sharp called “micro-punch”. The sharp bits of micro-punch being in the form of tube create the cuts of 0.6 mm – 0.8 mm in diameter around the folliculars containing hair roots. In this way, the hair roots being made ready to remove from their places in a short time can be collected easily with the help of micropen-set.
1- Sorting the Grafts: Hair roots and some amount of skin within only one graft or more grafts according to the relevant person’s body structure are removed with the help of micropen-set, and then are separated from excessive tissue and fat layer immediately and placed one by one on the gauze dressing inside a special solution by nurses.
2- Keeping Hair Roots: In the hair transplantation operations which are long term micro-surgical operations, the keeping of the hair roots being removed from the head tissues where they were fed and protected till the time when they will transplanted again in the best way (about 2 to 8 hours) is the most significant factor for enabling to hold to the new transplantation point, and do to change back. When one thinks that even only one strand is very much important for obtainining the hair having a natural appearance, the importance of keeping the hair root will be understood better. In the discussions made as related with this matter in the International Hair Transplantation conferences, the importance of the fact that any pressure should not be made to hair roots, and of the solution in which hair roots should be kept has been emphasized.
Incision in Hair Transplantation: After the finishing of graft collection continuing 2 to 4 hours up to this stage, the process of incision in which grafts will be replaced is started. The incision is the most important stage of hair transplantation. The growing of the hair such transplanted in the right angle and with a natural appearance starts with the process of incision.
Transplantation of garfts: In this stage of the operation, the incision should be perform insomuch as the number of grefts. After the incision one by one according to the numbers and shapes as planned earlier, the process of transplanting grafts is started. The grafts which have been made ready for transplanting by the nurses are placed one by one to the incision such performed by the physician by means of the “micro-set”. After completion of hair transplantation, the area where the grafts placed was made should be left open, and no pressure should be carried out. Following the transplantation of grafts one by one, the operation of hair transplantation is finished with the consultation which your physician will make with you. After the operation, your physician will tell you what you have to do and pay attention. The things that you have to do after the operation are too much important with regard to that the hair such transplanted will adapt to their new place. Even the patient would be able to go home and continue his/her normal life very easily, it is strongly recommended that the patient should be accompanied by a person when he/she has been discharged from the hospital, and should not drive any car.
PRP PLATELET- RICH PLASMA :
PRP Application in Hair Transplantation: 10 cc is taken from the patient’s venous blood (about 1/10 of one tea glass). The centrifuged blood is separated into two parts as with blood and red blood. In red blood are available leucocytes, platelets, coagulation factors and PGF’s (platelet growing factors). After red blood is processed, it is injected to the thin area by using the napping method. This application is based on the renewal of tissues. In this operation taking 30 minutes, the patient does not feel any pain, and any trace does not remain on the patient’s head. The PRP which is made by the physician during hair transplantation is a method which is used with the aim to accelerate the healing of the wound and the growing oıf hair afte the process of hair transplantation. And the main target which is tried to reach through the PRP treatment is to revitalize the hair roots which have started to be shed, and lost their strong and healthy structure. It has been observed in the patients treated with the PRP method that hair shedding has decreased; hair strands in the area such transplanted were thickened. In the persons who are treated with the PRP method after hair transplantation, the wound healing is realized in a very short time. Red points and crustings occurred after the operation disappears quickly, and the potential of the roots such transplanted for hair growing increases. Side Effects of the PRP: The blood of the person to whom the PRP is applied is his/her own blood; there is no possibility of allergic reaction or infection. This can be defined as the fact that the person donates his/her own blood to himself/herself.